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Linux Distros introduced in 2012

Choice and options are the beauty of Linux, petals just keep on adding to Linux family. Almost every day we have a new distro to try, explore and play with it. 2012 has been a wonderful year to Linux world, out of so many distros released this year following are some promising distros of 2012:

1. SolusOS

Desktop like environments are getting increasingly dominated by mobile-like environments, but not solusOS. SolusOS can be used by beginners and is a fork of GNOME 3 but the look and feel has been kept of our beloved GNOME 2. In words of project team

It works out of the box with great support for all your modern day computing needs including word processing, audio/video playback and editing, file sharing, and more,

If you want to taste the new solusOS then you can watch this video and if it really intrigues you, go have at it here.

2. Linux Lite

Linux Lite is an Ubuntu-based linux distribution and is mainly targeted at new comers, a very good beginners distro. It was launched in October, the current version is 1.0.2. It is offering five years of support and comes with xfce 4.8.
Its code name is “Amethyst” and can be downloaded from sourceforge.

3. Cinnarch

Cinnarch cant go unmentioned, project team says it is a distro that aims to provide

“a modern, elegant and powerful operating system based on one of the best Linux distributions out there, arch Linux, and featuring the popular Cinnamon desktop environment,”

It was first released in May but then it was officially declared beta in late November. Do give it a try- link.

4. Bedrock Linux

Bedrock Linux was created to make the most out of the best features of best Linux distros. Team says,

most of the (often seemingly mutually exclusive) benefits of various other Linux distributions available simultaneously and transparently,

To be precise,

“Bedrock Linux uniquely manipulates the filesytem and PATH to allow software from various other Linux distributions to coexist as though they were all from the same single, cohesive Linux distribution,”

“With Bedrock Linux, for example, one could have an RSS feed reader from Arch Linux’s AUR open a webpage in a Web browser from Ubuntu’s repos while both of them are running in an X11 server from Fedora.”

The motto of Bedrock Linux is to bundle all the best features from different distributions into one single Linux distro. A video will help in better understanding of the product. Download it here.

5. Qubes

Qubes OS is a security-oriented linux distribution which was first launched in September. It is based on Fedora desktop. It is powered by X Window System can run most linux applications. Release 2 is under ‘construction’, it is supposed to support Windows AppVMs. Current vertsion can be downloaded from here.

These were few worth mentioning Linux Distros of 2012 according to us, yes we do have our comment section open.

Linux kernel 3.6 released

It has been just two months or so since Linux 3.5 was unleashed, another update was released as Linux 3.6 on October 1st, 2012.

Torvalds said

“There haven’t been any huge new architectures or filesystems, it’s all ‘solid progress.’ That may not sound all that exciting, but the devil is in the details, and there’s a lot of small fixes all over.”

The most important and talked-about changes in Linux 3.6 are as follows:

1. Hybrid sleep

It now offers a mode which can be categorised as a hybrid of sleep mode and Hibernation. It first copies the contents of RAM on Hard Drive as it does in hibernate mode and then goes into sleep mode. What we get from this mode? The system won’t just resume quickly but no data will be lost on loosing power.

If the system power gets cut-off somehow, the system will resume from hibernated image, else the resume process will go normally as always and the hibernate image will be discarded.

2. TCP Fast Open

This feature was developed by Google, it helps in creating a TCP connection quickly in some cases. What we actually get from it? As per release notes, you will see improved page load times on popular websites. In Linux 3.6, client side is now supporting this feature. Server side coming soon.

3. Better drivers

In all Linux kernel updates, a lot of drivers are added to improve hardware support; this update is no different. This update primarily targets Sony and Apple devices.

4. Better memory management

Several changes were made for the betterment of memory management, a new feature is introduced which allows swap read-ahead IOPS (input/output operations per second) which promises more throughput along with lower CPU utilization.

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Microsoft blocks Chrome and Firefox in Windows 8

Microsoft blocks chrome and firefox on windows 8

You can listen to high pitch cries of Microsoft with this attempt to save Internet Explorer from hitting the dumps. It tends to do so by not improving own product but suppressing others making use of its monopolistic position. This time they are restricting competitor browsers like Firefox and Chrome in ARM version of Windows 8. It is called RT edition of Windows 8. Its in news already that they restricted linux from booting on their hardware.

Mozilla made a claim on their blog that “Windows RT will have two environments, a Windows Classic environment and a Metro environment for apps. However, Windows on ARM prohibits any browser except for Internet Explorer from running in the privileged ‘Windows Classic’ environment.”

Mozilla made another point, “What it means that only Internet Explorer will be able to perform many of the advanced computing functions vital to modern browsers in terms of speed, stability, and security to which users have grown accustomed. Given that IE can run in Windows on ARM, there is no technical reason to conclude other browsers can’t do the same.”

Microsoft blocks chrome and firefox on windows 8

Image from: ZDNet

 

Looks like Microsoft trying to block them only because it can’t beat them!

Ubuntu 12.04 LTS (Precise Pangolin) released!

Ubuntu 12.04 LTS released

Ubuntu 12.04 LTS released

Imagination is as vital to any advance in science as learning and precision are essential for starting points. – Percival Lowell

The Ubuntu team is very pleased to announce the release of Ubuntu 12.04 LTS (Long-Term Support) for Desktop, Server, Cloud, and Core products.

Codenamed “Precise Pangolin”, 12.04 continues Ubuntu’s proud tradition of integrating the latest and greatest open source technologies into a high-quality, easy-to-use Linux distribution. The team has been hard at work through this cycle, introducing a few new features and improving quality control.

To be a bit more precise about what we’re releasing today…

There are 54 product images and 2 cloud images being shipped with this 12.04 LTS release, with translations available in 41 languages. The Ubuntu project’s 12.04 archive currently has 39,226 binary packages in it, built from 19,179 source packages, so lots of good starting points for your imagination!

For PC users, Ubuntu 12.04 supports laptops, desktops, and netbooks with a unified look and feel based on an updated version of the desktop shell called “Unity”, which introduces “Head-Up Display” search capabilities.

Finding and installing software using the Ubuntu Software Centre is now easier thanks to improvements in speed, search and usability.

Ubuntu Server 12.04 has made it much easier to provision, deploy, host, manage, and orchestrate enterprise data centre infrastructure services with the introduction of new technologies such as “Metal as a Service” (MAAS), the Juju Charm Store, and the latest OpenStack version, codenamed Essex. These technologies further position Ubuntu Server as the best OS for scale-out computing.

Read more about the new features of Ubuntu 12.04 in the following press releases:

http://www.canonical.com/content/ubuntu-server-1204-lts-certified-available-and-ready-hyperscale-world
http://www.canonical.com/content/ubuntu-1204-lts-aims-conquer-enterprise-desktop

Long term support maintenance updates will be provided for Ubuntu 12.04 for five years, through April 2017. For those working on the ARM architecture, an 18 month supported release is also provided for the ARM server using the ARM Hard Float (HF) architecture.

Thanks to the efforts of the global translation community, Ubuntu is now available in 41 languages. For a list of available languages and detailed translation statistics for these and other languages, see:

http://people.canonical.com/~dpm/stats/ubuntu-12.04-translation-stats.html

The newest Kubuntu 12.04 (LTS), Edubuntu 12.04 (LTS), Xubuntu 12.04 (LTS), Mythbuntu 12.04, Lubuntu 12.04 and Ubuntu Studio 12.04 are also being released today. More details can be found in their announcements:

Kubuntu: http://kubuntu.org/news/12.04-release
Xubuntu: http://xubuntu.org/news/12-04-release
Edubuntu: http://edubuntu.org/news/12.04-release
Mythbuntu: http://mythbuntu.org/12.04/release
Lubuntu: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Lubuntu/Announcement/12.04
Ubuntu Studio: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/UbuntuStudio/12.04release_notes

To get Ubuntu 12.04
———————

In order to download Ubuntu 12.04, visit:

http://www.ubuntu.com/download

Users of Ubuntu 11.10 will be offered an automatic upgrade to 12.04 via Update Manager. For further information about upgrading, see:

http://www.ubuntu.com/download/desktop/upgrade

As always, upgrades to the latest version of Ubuntu are entirely free of charge.

We recommend that all users read the release notes, which document caveats, workarounds for known issues, as well as more in-depth notes on the release itself. They are available at:

http://www.ubuntu.com/getubuntu/releasenotes

Find out what’s new in this release with a graphical overview:

http://www.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/whats-new
http://www.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/features

If you have a question, or if you think you may have found a bug but aren’t sure, you can try asking in any of the following places:

#ubuntu on irc.freenode.net
http://lists.ubuntu.com/mailman/listinfo/ubuntu-users
http://www.ubuntuforums.org
http://askubuntu.com

Help Shape Ubuntu
——————–

If you would like to help shape Ubuntu, take a look at the list of ways you can participate at:

http://www.ubuntu.com/community/get-involved

About Ubuntu
—————

Ubuntu is a full-featured Linux distribution for desktops, laptops, netbooks and servers, with a fast and easy installation and regular releases. A tightly-integrated selection of excellent applications is included, and an incredible variety of add-on software is just a few clicks away.

Professional services including support are available from Canonical and hundreds of other companies around the world. For more information about support, visit:

http://www.ubuntu.com/support

More Information
——————

You can learn more about Ubuntu and about this release on our website listed below:

http://www.ubuntu.com

To sign up for future Ubuntu announcements, please subscribe to Ubuntu’s very low volume announcement list at:

http://lists.ubuntu.com/mailman/listinfo/ubuntu-announce

On behalf of the Ubuntu Release Team,
Kate Stewart

Ubuntu Online Tour
——————–

Enjoy the simplicity of Ubuntu’s stylish, intuitive interface. Take Ubuntu for a test drive with our online tour and download when you’re ready!

URL: http://www.ubuntu.com/tour/en/

Kubuntu breaks up with Canonical, Blue Systems is the new sponsor

Kubuntu found new home. Kubuntu will now no longer be sponsored by Canonical. The new sponsor of Kubuntu will be Blue Systems. Blue Systems has been there for other KDE projects as well as distros, LinuxMint and NetRunner. They would have to deal with trademark issues which might lead to change in name. If KDE were to acquire a spot in enterprise solution, a new name and branding is what it needs.

Jonathan Riddel said:

“With this new sponsorship we will have the independence to give the project new wings and take the excellent KDE Software to new audiences,”

(Source)

Not so appreciated attitude of Dr. Richard Stallman

DO NOT USE FACEBOOK!

On a mailing list MIT CSAIL, a thread was started by some students asking for votes over facebook as they were competing for a chance to win $100K.

Hi all,

A few MIT current students and alumni (previously on the GPI action team)
are working on an exciting project to help *MIT students and international
development volunteers*! We are competing on Facebook and if we get enough
votes (if we can make 5th place or higher) we have the chance to win $100K!
*It takes 1 minute to vote on Facebook and you can disable the app
immediately after voting!*

We are building *an International Development Project Database and Mentor
Connection** *that gathers detailed information about international service
projects. Future students and volunteers will be able to build upon
previous work (use previous designs, materials) instead of starting from
scratch. Experts and previous volunteers will help students form their
projects and prepare for on the ground work in specific regions.*We would
extremely appreciate your vote!*

Dr. Stallman response tells us that he hates facebook from all his heart. His response can be checked here. He said:

Facebook is not your friend. Its “real name” policy is enough reason to refuse to use it, but there is so much more nastiness in Facebook. I don’t use it, and you shouldn’t either.

He even said:

Facebook is an international parasitism project.

Read full reply here.

He brought up pretty strong points to justify his hatred. What do you say? Leave comments.

Microsoft counted as key Linux contributor, for now anyway

For the first time ever, and probably only temporarily, Microsoft can be counted as a key contributor to Linux.

The company, which once portrayed the open-source OS kernel as a form of cancer, has been ranked 17th on a tally of the largest code contributors to Linux.

The Linux Foundation’s Linux Development Report, released Tuesday, summarizes who has contributed to the Linux kernel, from versions 2.6.36 to 3.2. The 10 largest contributors listed in the report are familiar names: Red Hat, Intel, Novell, IBM, Texas Instruments, Broadcom, Nokia, Samsung, Oracle and Google. But the appearance of Microsoft is a new one for the list, compiled annually.

Overall, Microsoft contributed 688 changes, or about 1.0 percent of the accepted changes to the kernel, since version 2.6.36. Company engineers also signed off on 2,174 changes, or about 1.1 percent of all the changes in this review period.

Much of the work Microsoft did centers around providing drivers for its own Hyper-V virtualization technology. Microsoft’s Hyper-V, part of Windows Server, can run Linux as a guest OS. Linux kernel developer and LWN.net editor Jon Corbet, a co-author of the study, estimates that Microsoft’s involvement peaked around last year’s 3.0 release of Linux and will diminish over time. “Even the [hypervisor] drivers can only need so much cleaning up,” he wrote in an article explaining the influx of Microsoft contribution.

For the Linux Foundation, Microsoft’s involvement in Linux shows how widely used the OS kernel is these days. Microsoft must work with Linux to be part of the larger enterprise computing ecosystem.

In the time period covered by the report, more than 1,000 developers from nearly 200 companies contributed to the kernel. Lone contributors provided the largest number of changes, 11,413 changes or about 16.2 percent of all the changes in this review period. Among contributions from companies, Red Hat provided the most changes, or 7,563, or 10.7 percent of all changes. After Red Hat, Intel provided the next largest batch of changes, 5,075, or about 7.2 percent of all changes.

On average, between 8,000 and 12,000 patches are added to each new kernel release, which, overseen by Linus Torvalds, come out every two or three months. The vast majority of these changes are developed by outside parties.

In addition to Corbet, Linux kernel maintainer and Linux Foundation fellow Greg Kroah-Hartman, and Linux Foundation Vice President of Marketing and Developer Services Amanda McPherson co-wrote the report.

The Linux Foundation is a nonprofit organization devoted to further developing and maintaining the open-source Linux kernel. It is funded by companies that use Linux in their products and services, including Hewlett-Packard, IBM, Intel, Novell and Oracle.

GNU/Linux Running On An 8-Bit Processor

linux on 8 bit

Dmitry Grinberg has successfully booted Ubuntu 9.04 on an 8 bit micro machine with 6.5 KHz CPU and 16 MB RAM. Grinberg did this experiment on a ATmega1284p, 8-bit RISC microcontroller clocked at 24MHz and equipped with 16KB of SRAM and 128KB of flash storage. Since the RAM was too low, he added 30-pin 16MB SIMM to the machine and a 1 GB SD card to host Ubuntu image. … To get the world’s slowest Linux Computer running, he had to write an ARMv5 emulator which supports a 32bit processor and MMU. A similar machine can be made very easily and everything should come in about $20.

linux on 8 bit processor

There is source code available, but it’s under a non-commercial use only license. Just how slow is it? “It takes about 2 hours to boot to bash prompt (‘init=/bin/bash’ kernel command line). Then 4 more hours to boot up the entire Ubuntu (‘exec init’ and then login). Starting X takes a lot longer. The effective emulated CPU speed is about 6.5KHz, which is on par with what you’d expect emulating a 32-bit CPU & MMU on a measly 8-bit micro. Curiously enough, once booted, the system is somewhat usable. You can type a command and get a reply within a minute.” If you like watching a whole lot of nothing, there’s a video of the boot process below the fold.

Debian 5.0.10 released

A few hours ago Debian team announced the 10th and final update of Debian 5.0 (Lenny). This update has removed all the security problems which were there in the oldstable release. Debian 5.0 was released on Feb 14th, 2009, and this is going to be last update for it.

Due to some technical reasons “alpha” and “ia64” packages (from DSA 1769) are not included in this point release.

Note: Security support for oldstable distro ended in Feb 2012 and no updates have been released since then.

This updates includes many packages and updates of “security.debian.org“.

Upgrading

To upgrade your Debian to this new update point your aptitude (or apt) package tool to one of the FTP/HTTP mirrors of Debian. You can find the list of mirrors at:

http://www.debian.org/mirror/list

On 24th March this oldstable distro will be moved to archive.debian.org (archive of old distributions of Debian) and will no longer be available from the main mirror network.

Linux Mint 12 LXDE edition is out!

Linux Mint 12 LXDE RC

Linux Mint 12 LXDE RC

Yesterday on March 9th Linux Mint development team announced the release of Linux Mint 12 LXDE.

Linux Mint 12 LXDE RC

Linux Mint 12 LXDE

On Feb 27th Linux Mint 12 LXDE RC was launched, the features are exactly the same no changes have been done on it. You may refer this post to check new features and system requirements.

Upgrading

To upgrade from an older version of Linux Mint follow these directions.

Download

Linux Mint 12 LXDE torrent file
Linux Mint 12 LXDE direct download